“Refrain” creates a cyclical choreography through the writing of a repeated phrase. A precisely crafted movement incantation, these danced refrains produce a visual document that, like their performance, expands the original phrase through imperfect repetition. The first refrains performed were excerpted from John Cage’s 1959 Lecture on Nothing and his 1951 Lecture on Something.
Write a single phrase 500 times. Begin in the same place each time. Do not lift pencil from paper while writing. Do not look at the paper while writing. Keep your free hand touching the wall while writing. To mark each repetition, move a stone.